State involvement, cyber norms of state behaviour, and internet governance continue to place a long shelter over cyber security. Suggestions to provide better security such as security awareness, user education, patch management, and better passwords continue to remain a challenge.
The computer security community has to face email fraud, security budgets, privacy concerns, 5G network deployment, and artificial intelligence. But the vital question is where does the actual problem lie? The risk in aviation is less about the airplane and more about the lack of consequences.
While it is still logical, it is hardly practical and would be unrealistic to expect all private and public sector organizations to stop trying to safeguard their systems and wait for the international community to adhere, implement, agree, and draft to a treaty that establishes cyber norms.