Modern painting refers to the artistic movement and style that emerged in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, which marked a departure from traditional techniques and subjects. Modern painters sought to break with the past and experiment with new styles and forms of expression, and were influenced by a variety of factors including the Industrial Revolution, advances in technology, and the social and political changes of the time.
One of the key characteristics of modern painting is the emphasis on innovation and individual expression. Modern painters sought to push the boundaries of traditional techniques and subjects, and were often inspired by the world around them, including current events and the changing landscape of modern life. This experimentation and innovation is reflected in the wide range of styles and movements that emerged within modern painting, including Impressionism, Expressionism, Fauvism, Cubism, and Surrealism.
In addition to innovation and individual expression, modern painting is also characterized by a focus on the formal elements of art, such as color, line, and form. Modern painters often experimented with these elements, using them to create new visual effects and to convey their ideas and emotions.
Modern painting has had a significant impact on the art world and continues to influence contemporary artistic practices. Many modern painters have become household names and their works are highly valued and sought after by collectors. Modern painting has also influenced the development of other artistic mediums, such as photography and film, and has helped to shape our understanding of art and its role in society.